The Conflict Between Autonomy and Beneficence Essay Paper
The contradiction between the autonomy of the patient and the beneficence of the healthcare personnel is the ethical issue that the Oakridge administrator is dealing with. Although Jeff and the nursing director agree that the placement of a feeding tube is required to ensure Martha receives appropriate nutrition, Martha's advance directive makes it plain that she does not want to be fed through a tube. The administrator is aware that giving Martha a feeding tube would go against her wishes about her autonomy, but she also understands that if she didn't give her one, she may end up neglecting other patients and risking Martha's health. In order to address this moral conundrum, the administrator consults an ethics committee.
a) Autonomy: The freedom to choose one's own medical care and state of health is referred to as autonomy. Although she has said in her advance directive that she does not want to be fed through a tube, Martha's autonomy is immediately at stake in this situation. Her ability to make decisions is questionable, yet her requests must be honoured. Though she might not completely understand the effects of her decisions, Martha has the right to make decisions about her own healthcare, so from her point of view, the autonomy principle is applicable. b) Beneficence: In order to act in the patient's best interest and advance their health and well-being, healthcare professionals are required to practise beneficence. The nurse supervisor and Jeff think it would be best for Martha in this situation to have a feeding tube put in to make sure she gets enough nutrition. Since they are working to advance Martha's health and wellbeing, they see the principle of beneficence as being relevant. c) Justice: The equitable and fair distribution of healthcare resources is referred to as justice. The nursing director is concerned that Martha may be receiving 2-3 hours of help for each meal while ignoring the needs of other patients in this situation. According to the nursing director, the fairness principle is relevant since they are seeking to distribute scarce resources equally among all patients. The idea of fairness also applies from the administrator's point of view since they are concerned that failing to administer the feeding tube could cause harm to other patients by ignoring their needs The Conflict Between Autonomy and Beneficence Essay Paper
1) The Oakridge administration must choose between upholding Martha's advance directive and making sure she receives appropriate nutrition, while also balancing the requirements of other patients and the facility's constrained financial resources. In order to traverse this complicated situation and come to an ethically sound judgement, the administrator enlisted the assistance of an ethics committee. 2) Autonomy, beneficence, and justice are the three ethical concepts that are relevant in this situation. According to her advance directive, autonomy refers to Martha's right to choose her own medical care. Beneficence refers to the nursing home's obligation to act in Martha's best interests, which can entail giving her nutrition via a feeding tube. Fair resource distribution among all nursing home patients, including Martha, is required by justice. Each concept is seen from many angles, such as Martha's right to self-determination, Jeff's duty as a carer, and the nursing home's need to treat every patient with care The Conflict Between Autonomy and Beneficence Essay Paper
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